Tag Archives: Ubuntu

Ubuntu

Ubuntu 10.10 – Is it worth the hype?

UbuntuAs with any Ubuntu release, Ubuntu 10.10 has quite the hype train backing it, and its release. But this time, they backed it up better then most others. With the 10.10 release, they shipped a pretty impressive netbook edition, an updated installer and an opportunity to test it “in the cloud”.

Here are a few articles around the web that talks about some things Ubuntu 10.10:
http://arstechnica.com/open-source/news/2010/10/ubuntu-1010-arrives-with-impressive-new-netbook-environment.ars
http://www.extremetech.com/article2/0,2845,2370515,00.asp
http://www.linuxcritic.com/ubuntu-maverick-meerkat-10-10-review/

Once I have more time, I plan on giving better in depth reviews of the major Linux distributions again. Currently personally I’m running Fedora 13, but will be switching to to openSUSE 11.4 once it’s released.

virtualbox

Virtualbox Walkthrough: Ubuntu 10.04

This walkthrough takes you through creating a virtual machine on Virtualbox and installing Ubuntu 10.04 on it. This is a fairly thorough walkthrough, but by no means complete. When in doubt, consult the manual. It is assumed that you know the details of how to install Virtualbox, and Ubuntu as well. While neither of these are very difficult, both procedures exceed the scope of this text.

The host machine and OS is a Thinkpad T410 and Windows 7 64bit, respectively. The T410 (lovingly dubbed “Athena”) has an Intel Core i5-520M processor running at 2.40Ghz, integrated graphics and 4GB of RAM. However, these instructions should work on any machine capable of running Ubuntu and its host OS simultaneously. The version of Virtualbox used was the latest at the time–3.2.6.

When you open Virtualbox, you should see something like this:

From the default window, press the “New” button and the virtual machine wizard will load. The first window asks you to name your new virtual machine and which OS you will install on it.

N.B. You will see the “64 bit” option in OS type for Ubuntu. Use that ONLY if you are running a 32 bit host and you wish to emulate 64 bit:

If you want to use 64-bit guest support on a 32-bit host operating system, you must also select a 64-bit operating system for the particular VM. Since supporting 64 bits on 32-bit hosts incurs additional overhead, VirtualBox only enables this support upon explicit request.

On 64-bit hosts, 64-bit guest support is always enabled, so you can simply install a 64-bit operating system in the guest. (Source)

Clicking “Next” brings you to a slider that allows you to set how much RAM you wish to allot to your VM–how much RAM the emulated system will see. Don’t go past the green section or you risk freezing your host. I put 1.5GB, as Ubuntu runs fine with that much.

Next is configuring the virtual hard drive.

If you haven’t already created a hard disk, the wizard will walk you through that too. The virtual disk wizard has preset options that work fine. If you’re curious as what the differences between options are and don’t understand the brief description provide in the wizard, go read the manual.

Once you have configured your virtual disk, you should be led to this summary:

After hitting finish, you should see your new VM on the left. Select it and click “Start”.

When a VM in virtual box runs for the first time, the first run wizard pops up and asks you to load installation media. I’ve chosen an ISO image of Ubuntu 10.04 64bit. You can either use an ISO (easily downloadable from the ubuntu homepage), or a physical Ubuntu CD or DVD.

Ubuntu ISO booting:

Note: there are various alerts that will pop up that you should read at least once.

Now that the ISO is finished booting, you will be given the option to either try or install Ubuntu. You should know where to go from here.

Treat the virtual hard drive that Ubuntu detects normally. Partition however you are used to.

Installation takes a while. Go grab food or something.

Once the installation is complete, restart as prompted and you will boot into your new virtual Ubuntu installation!

Notice the low resolution. This is an indicator that Ubuntu doesn’t realize that it’s being run in a virtual environment. In order to fix this, Virtualbox has a patch called Guest Additions. But before that, update the system.

The first update generally takes the longest (unless you have an uber-fast connection). I got through a chapter of Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy and half a podcast of a college lecture before the system was fully updated. Ubuntu will probably ask for a restart so that it can load the updated kernel. Do so.

Once the desktop comes back up, go to Devices > Install Guest Additions. That will load an ISO into the VM’s CD drive. Ubuntu will detect it automagically and will want to auto-run it. I ignored that and opened a terminal and did the following:

This will install Guest Additions in Ubuntu.

After that’s done, it will ask to restart yet again. After boot you should notice a refreshingly better resolution:

Since it’s a virtual machine, I turned off the screensaver and power options, and enabled auto login.

Lastly, for whatever reason, Virtualbox crashes when desktop effects are enabled. This also occurs when I attempt to shutdown/restart/logout/etc with desktop effects enabled. So beware of that. YMMV. Cheers.

Visually Seeing Your Boot Speed With Bootchart Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx

UbuntuHave you ever wanted to know what your computer did while it booted? Are you new to linux, and want to understand what actually went wrong? Are you frustrated with the speed of your boot? Well look no further. There is an awesome software called bootchart which is available via repositories for most major Linux Distributions. This software will visually chart out, what is taking the resources while booting, gives you a nice bench mark of how long it took to boot, and if you’re having slow boots, it’ll help you track down where your problem process is. buick . The installation on the newly released Ubuntu Lucid Lynx 10.04 is quite simple. You can install using:

sudo apt-get install bootchart
The above will also install the required package: pybootchartgui. Now all you have to do is reboot your machine. This can be done via the terminal with:
sudo init 6
Note: The above switches you to runlvl 6, which indicates a restart. Once your machine has booted back up, all you have to do is check out the .png file that was saved for you in /var/log/bootchart. You can open the said picture, and be greeted with a great graph of your boot-up process.
Click for Full Size

Things to do after installing Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid

Previously (in 2008) I wrote about “Things to do after installing openSUSE 11.0“. Well I felt like it was time to start this up again, but this time I’ll be expanding the “Things to do” to more distributions, including this one for Ubuntu.

So here I’ll assume that you’ve installed Ubuntu using whatever means necessary and you’re booting up for the first time. Here are some things that I typically do, when I build up a new Ubuntu box for personal use. I am also targeting this for people who are not comfortable or like to use the command line tools.

Wireless Configuration
The first thing I do is set up my wireless, so I have internet connectivity without being strapped down to a leash. My machine I’m installing on is a Dell Latitude D620. You can setup the wireless by going to the wireless icon in the top panel, and clicking on it to list available networks available.

My secured wireless, BK Wireless, shows up on the list with a lock (showing it’s secured). I click to connect to it, and am prompted for my password.

Once all is setup, and configured the wifi icon will look like the one to the left. Now you have internet connectivity and you can come back and checkout freetechie.com to read the rest of this article.

Updating Your Installation
Even thought you’ve just installed your new Ubuntu, that doesn’t quite mean that the Operating System is fully updated. I highly suggest you upgrade to the newest packages using the Ubuntu Update Manager which can be found in System –> Administration –> Update Manager

This will launch update manager, and you’ll see which packages you need to update. Click on Install Updates, and if you want to see more details of the packages being installed you can expand the Description of update.

You’ll be given a status window, so you won’t be completely in the blue

Once completed, you’ll be sent back to the Update Manager with a message that your system is up to date.

Restricted Drivers
If you’re lucky enough to have a desktop / laptop that’s newer then mine, or one that has a much better video card (ie ATI / NVIDIA) or have the requirement for another proprietary hardware driver, you can go to the Restricted Driver Manager in System –> Hardware Drivers

Appearance Customization
Obviously this section will be different from person to person, but I think everyone should change their font hinting to full hinting. There are other things I change, like the font size, and the theme (I like slim themes, honestly I’m used to KDE, so I can’t suggest a great GNOME theme yet). Go to System –> Preferences –> Appearance

Here you’ll have the opportunity to setup your Themes, Background, Fonts and Visual Effects

Back to fonts agan I highly recommend setting your hinting to full. I personally lower the fonts to 7 or 8.. I’m still in my 20’s so my eyes aren’t bad …yet.

Of course you want to set stuff up as you like it, but for me I found the following theme to be lighter and a bit nicer on the eyes.. You can customize this, keep the default theme or do what you will to make it “yours”.

Oh.. don’t forget to change the hideous background.

32-Bit Machines w/ 4GB+ of Memory
You guys are a bit special here, since you will require the pae kernel to be able to access the full range of your memory. To do this, you’ll need to install the following packages, which can be done in the Software Center (see below). The packages you will need are linux-headers-server, linux-image-server and linux-server. Once you install those 3 packages you’ll need to reboot and boot into the newly installed PAE kernel.. I’ll write more on this later (if I can scrounge up a machine with more memory then I have in mine).

Install Some Packages
Ok, here is where my gripe comes in with Ubuntu. As you know, during the installation you don’t have the option to choose what you do, or don’t want to install. So this is done after the installation process (which means you may have to purge / uninstall some applications, along with adding some more).

This is done by going to the main menu, and clicking on Ubuntu Software Center.

Here you’ll be brought to a beautiful (sorry, had to use that phrase, couldn’t find a better fit) Software Installation Center which will allow you to install and/or remove any packages you would like. The Software Installation Center by default also uses the Connical Partners Repositories, so you have access to a plethora of applications at your fingertips. Here are some of the packages I highly recommend doing:
Remove Empathy
Remove Rythmbox
Remove Transmission-gtk
Install Banshee
Install Chromium
Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras (this will also give you flash and sun java)
Install Pidgin (uses less screen real estate)
Install Gnome-do
Install Shutter
Install Gimp
Install Dropbox (this is a pretty sweet app)
Install Docky (gotta love functional eye candies)
Install Deluge

Here are a few shots of the process of adding / removing using the Ubuntu Software Center



Again obviously your fit may be different but those are the ones I use above.

There are other applications I use that aren’t within the Software Center, like Opera and googsystray.

Download and Install googsystray
I’ll talk about googsystray and the installation of it, but not Opera since I just want to cover the basic method of installing a .deb (Debian Installer) using the GUI.

First download the googsystray debian package from sourceforge onto your hard drive.

Now open your file manager (Nautilus by default) and browse to the location where you saved the downloaded file

Double click the debian installer package. This will bring up the installer and allow you to install the package.

If you’re bored you can watch the progress of the installation and once complete you’re welcome to close the screen (looks for the staple button that says “That Was Easy”

Install Microfox for Firefox
Ok.. this one is stupid.. just saying.. Mozilla by default takes way too much real estate with its theme. I always install Micro Fox, which can be found here

There you have it, your new self configured Ubuntu Lucid 10.04

Using sudo without a password

One of the most noticeable features of ubuntu is the common use of sudo in order to perform ‘root’ level tasks.  By default the ‘root’ user is disabled leaving sudo as the most used method of running administrator level commands and tasks.

A intial setup of sudo requires the user to type in the password everytime the command is used.  Although the autorization is maintained for a few minutes after the password is first used it can become quite tedious to constantly be prompted for a password on commonly used commands.

I have set up my own ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala system to allow the aptitude command to be run without having to type my password.  This lets me cron a very small script to keep my system up-to-date without being prompted for a password.

Here’s how I set it up:

$ sudo visudo

Below the line “%admin ALL=(ALL) ALL” insert the following:

USERNAME ALL=NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/aptitude

for example:

jason ALL=NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/aptitude

If you would like to allow a different command just make sure you include the full location (use whereis if you are unsure of where the command is stored).

Packages Installed with apt-get kubuntu-desktop

In my journey to give GNOME and Ubuntu an honesty try, I found myself installing kubuntu desktop, withsudo apt-get install kubuntu-desktopAfter a few minutes of thinking, I decided I have to honestly give GNOME a shot, and wanted to revert the change. zales . So I went into /var/log/apt/history.log, and grabbed the files that were installed and put them in a file called kde-package. I then ran the following sed against it to remove the (),’s and the stuff inbetween the ()’s.. The sed was: sed 's/ ([0-9A-Za-z.+~-]*),//g' kde-package >kde-packagesSo, just thought I’d share the packages that are installed on an ubuntu desktop, when you runsudo apt-get install kubuntu-desktopWell, here you arekcm-touchpad libclucene0ldbl ksystemlog plasma-dataengines-workspace krdc krfb kdebase-plasma kppp openoffice.org-style-oxygen kubuntu-debug-installer userconfig kubuntu-default-settings kdepim-runtime libprocessui4 libqca2 libtaskmanager4 libqimageblitz4 kdebase-workspace knm-runtime polkit-kde-1 libqt4-assistant libpackagekit-glib2-12 pinentry-gtk2 libkscreensaver5 libsolidcontrolifaces4 libxine1-x libk3b6 plasma-widget-quickaccess kpackagekit foomatic-db-gutenprint librdf0 plymouth-theme-kubuntu-logo freespacenotifier printer-applet libkwineffects1 ksnapshot ijsgutenprint libkipi7 ttf-dejavu-extra libotr2 kdepim-groupware openoffice.org-kde oxygen-icon-theme libboost-program-options1.40.0 libqt4-test kdebase-runtime libkleo4 libqt4-sql-mysql libqt4-dbus quassel-data plasma-widgets-workspace konqueror-nsplugins libxine1-misc-plugins kdebase-data gwenview kdelibs5 libxcb-xv0 phonon okular-extra-backends mysql-client-core-5.1 quassel libqt4-qt3support kcalc plasma-dataengines-addons shared-desktop-ontologies libvncserver0 klipper amarok-common libmimelib4 kdemultimedia-kio-plugins libflac++6 kontact mysql-common ibus-qt4 ksysguard libkexiv2-8 libplasma-geolocation-interface4 libxine1-bin libexiv2-6 libkcddb4 librasqal2 kopete-message-indicator apturl-kde plasma-widget-kimpanel-backend-ibus kubuntu-desktop dolphin kdesudo kbluetooth k3b-data libpackagekit-qt-12 kde-zeroconf kubuntu-konqueror-shortcuts plasma-widget-googlecalendar konsole libakonadiprivate1 libqt4-xmlpatterns korganizer k3b libsoprano4 mysql-server-core-5.1 install-package libpolkit-qt-1-0 akregator libqtscript4-core libkonqsidebarplugin4 libqt4-help libksgrd4 python-qt4 kamera ark libkpgp4 libqt4-webkit kdebase-workspace-bin libibus-qt1 kvkbd python-sip libkworkspace4 libkonq5 kdelibs5-data libkdepim4 libkdecorations4 libdbusmenu-qt2 python-qt4-dbus konqueror-plugin-searchbar libksieve4 libplasmagenericshell4 kfind plasma-widget-kubuntu-feedback kdebase-bin plasma-widget-facebook systemsettings libkfontinst4 libxcb-shape0 usb-creator-kde kdm icoutils amarok gnupg-agent libqtscript4-gui libqt4-sql-sqlite libqtscript4-uitools libao2 kubuntu-docs knotes libqt4-sql plasma-widget-message-indicator libkopete4 plasma-widget-kimpanel libqt4-svg libindicate-qt0 kubuntu-firefox-installer python-packagekit konqueror libpoppler-qt4-3 libstreamanalyzer0 libphonon4 kaddressbook libqt4-xml libzip1 cdrdao packagekit libkephal4 plasma-widgets-addons gdebi-kde libplasma3 kdebase-workspace-data libqtscript4-sql ttf-dejavu software-properties-kde phonon-backend-xine ksysguardd libqt4-designer libplasmaclock4 kdepimlibs5 libweather-ion4 libmysqlclient16 kdebase-workspace-kgreet-plugins kdelibs-bin language-selector-qt libsolidcontrol4 libqtscript4-xml libattica0 khelpcenter4 libkonq5-templates plasma-desktop kdegraphics-strigi-plugins jockey-kde akonadi-server update-manager-kde libksignalplotter4 libstreams0 kwalletmanager libraptor1 libqca2-plugin-ossl libepub0 packagekit-backend-apt exiv2 ktimetracker kdepim-strigi-plugins kopete plasma-widget-folderview libokularcore1 libtag-extras1 kate kmail liblastfm0 libqt4-script plasma-scriptengine-javascript libplasma-applet-system-monitor4 kubuntu-notification-helper libqt4-scripttools libssh-4 virtuoso-nepomuk libxcb-shm0 plasma-scriptengine-python soprano-daemon amarok-utils libprocesscore4 kdebase-runtime-data kde-window-manager apport-kde libiodbc2 system-config-printer-kde dragonplayer kdepimlibs-data libqtscript4-network okular kmousetool pinentry-qt4 libmsn0.2 hpijs-ppds kmag libkdcraw8 kdepim-kresources kdepim-wizards network-manager-kde python-kde4 gtk2-engines-qtcurve oxygen-icon-theme-complete kdepasswd libxine1-console oxygen-cursor-theme kmix kcm-gtk libxine1So if you want to remove kubuntu-desktop you can do: sudo apt-get purge (the stuff above)of you can dosudo apt-get purge `cat kde-packages` (this is assuming you copy the above into a file named kde-packages and you’re running the apt-get from the same directory that file lives in. moving storage .

Firefox 3.5 and Xulrunner Ubuntu vulnerabilities

Blue Security LockUbuntu Security Notice USN-921-1 April 09, 2010firefox-3.5, xulrunner-1.9.1 vulnerabilitiesCVE-2010-0173, CVE-2010-0174, CVE-2010-0175, CVE-2010-0176,CVE-2010-0177, CVE-2010-0178, CVE-2010-0179, CVE-2010-0181,CVE-2010-0182===========================================================A security issue affects the following Ubuntu releases:Ubuntu 9.10This advisory also applies to the corresponding versions ofKubuntu, Edubuntu, and Xubuntu.The problem can be corrected by upgrading your system to thefollowing package versions:Ubuntu 9.10: firefox-3.5 3.5.9+nobinonly-0ubuntu0.9.10.1 xulrunner-1.9.1 1.9.1.9+nobinonly-0ubuntu0.9.10.1After a standard system upgrade you need to restart Firefox and anyapplications that use Xulrunner to effect the necessary changes.Details follow:Martijn Wargers, Josh Soref, Jesse Ruderman, and Ehsan Akhgari discoveredflaws in the browser engine of Firefox. If a user were tricked into viewinga malicious website, a remote attacker could cause a denial of service orpossibly execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the user invokingthe program. couples counseling . (CVE-2010-0173, CVE-2010-0174)It was discovered that Firefox could be made to access previously freedmemory. If a user were tricked into viewing a malicious website, a remoteattacker could cause a denial of service or possibly execute arbitrary codewith the privileges of the user invoking the program. (CVE-2010-0175,CVE-2010-0176, CVE-2010-0177)Paul Stone discovered that Firefox could be made to change a mouse clickinto a drag and drop event. If the user could be tricked into performingthis action twice on a crafted website, an attacker could executearbitrary JavaScript with chrome privileges. (CVE-2010-0178)It was discovered that the XMLHttpRequestSpy module as used by the Firebugadd-on could be used to escalate privileges within the browser. If the userhad the Firebug add-on installed and were tricked into viewing a maliciouswebsite, an attacker could potentially run arbitrary JavaScript.(CVE-2010-0179)Henry Sudhof discovered that an image tag could be used as a redirect toa mailto: URL to launch an external mail handler. bountiful utah . (CVE-2010-0181)Wladimir Palant discovered that Firefox did not always perform securitychecks on XML content. An attacker could exploit this to bypass securitypolicies to load certain resources. (CVE-2010-0182)

Install Google Chrome on Ubuntu or Kubuntu Debian Linux deb

Google ChromeGoolge Chrome is a kick ass browser that is taking the browsing industry by storm. Its stunning speed has been winning users over since it’s initial launch.

Linux enthusiasts have also been adapting to the ever updated Google Chrome, which recently was put into official “Beta” natively for Linux. I’ve previously wrote how to install the rpm on openSUSE and Fedora but now it’s time for the guide on installing on Ubuntu or Kubuntu.

This procedure is quite simple, and starts with downloading the .deb package from http://chrome.google.com.
Chrome

Once you download the package to your local file-system you can install it using dpkg, or by double clicking the package within your file manager. To install via the command line, open up a terminal and install using:

sudo dpkg –install google-chrome-beta_current_i386.deb

Note: You can see an example below.
Chrome Install

This installation will also add the google repository to your /etc/apt/sources.list for future updates of google chrome.

ATI Catalystâ„¢ 10.1 Driver – Ubuntu 9.10 Support

AMD has announced the release of the ATI Catalyst driver. escalade limo . auto repair san antonio tx . Here are some notes from the release notes:

Highlights of the Linux ATI Catalyst 10.1 release include:New FeaturesSupport for new Linux operating systems:This release of ATI Catalyst driver for Linux introduces support for the following new operating systems:Ubuntu 9.10 production supportFor more information on ATI Catalyst 10.1 (for Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP, and Linux versions), including all of the resolved issues in this release, please see the ATI Catalyst 10.1 release notes.
I am actually quite disappointed with ATI’s release notice, as it doesn’t even include change log.

Ubuntu 8.04.4 LTS Released

The Ubuntu team is proud to announce the release of Ubuntu 8.04.4 LTS, the fourth maintenance update to Ubuntu’s 8.04 LTS release. This release includes updated server, desktop, and alternate installation CDs for the i386 and amd64 architectures. Ubuntu 8.04 LTS continues to be maintained through 2011 for desktops and 2013 for servers through online updates, but this is the final maintenance release of 8.04 LTS.

In all, some 70 updates have been integrated, and updated installation media has been provided so that fewer updates will need to be downloaded after installation. These include security updates and corrections for other high-impact bugs, with a focus on maintaining stability and
compatibility with Ubuntu 8.04 LTS.

The above excerpt was from the Ubuntu Mailing List

To download Ubuntu 8.04.4 LTS, or obtain CDs, visit:

http://www.ubuntu.com/getubuntu/download

We recommend that all users read the release notes, which document
caveats and workarounds for known issues. They are available at:

http://www.ubuntu.com/getubuntu/releasenotes/804

hard-drive

Burn a ISO image to CD via Command Line Linux – openSUSE Ubuntu Fedora

Recently an associate of mine asked me to burn him a CD since his computer was “out of service”. I put in the CD and started hammering at my console to get him the CD he requested. He thought it was pretty cool that I could do it from the command line (he is a non technical user). So I figured, there are some people that actually want to know how to burn an ISO Image to a CD via the command line. So here you go. In this quick tutorial we will be using the program cdrecord. You can quickly check to see if you have cdrecord in your $PATH with:

which cdrecord

Which would give you an output like:

/usr/bin/cdrecord

Note: It is important to note that cdrecord, is just a symlink to wodim, so you can use the commands interchangeably.If you do not have it installed you can install it with:
On openSUSE:

sudo su -c ‘zypper in cdrecord’

On Ubuntu:

sudo apt-get install cdrecord

On Fedora:

sudo su -c ‘yum install cdrecord’

Now that you have the application, you need to know what device you are writing your ISO image to. This is accomplished with the --devices option of cdrecord, as seen below.

cdrecord --devices

This will scan your scsi buses and give an output similar like so

wodim: Overview of accessible drives (1 found) :————————————————————————- 0 dev=’/dev/scd0′ rwrw– : ‘PLDS’ ‘DVD+-RW DU-8A2S’————————————————————————-

Here you will want to note the location of the device you want to write (burn) to. In the instance above the device indicated it

dev=’/dev/scd0′

Now I’ll write the ISO Image to the blank CD rom which has been placed in the device above. This is accomplished by running.

cdrecord -v -dev=’/dev/scd0′ kubuntu-9.10-alternate-i386.iso

Where -dev=’/dev/xxxx’ is the device that you noted previously and the final argument I passed above is the ISO image I want to burn. Note: Obviously there are many other options and arguments that can be passed to cdrecord, which can be seen by reading the cdrecord manpage.

man cdrecord

Prior to the burn starts, you’ll be given some information followed with a countdown before the actual burn starts.

wodim: No write mode specified. wodim: Asuming -tao mode. wodim: Future versions of wodim may have different drive dependent defaults. TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM wodim: Operation not permitted. Warning: Cannot raise RLIMIT_MEMLOCK limits.scsidev: ‘/dev/scd0’devname: ‘/dev/scd0′ scsibus: -2 target: -2 lun: -2 Linux sg driver version: 3.5.27 Wodim version: 1.1.9 SCSI buffer size: 64512 Device type : Removable CD-ROM Version : 5 Response Format: 2 Capabilities : Vendor_info : ‘PLDS ‘ Identification : ‘DVD+-RW DU-8A2S ‘ Revision : ‘4D12′ Device seems to be: Generic mmc2 DVD-R/DVD-RW. Current: 0x0009 (CD-R) Profile: 0x002B (DVD+R/DL) Profile: 0x001B (DVD+R) Profile: 0x001A (DVD+RW) Profile: 0x0015 (DVD-R/DL sequential recording) Profile: 0x0014 (DVD-RW sequential recording) Profile: 0x0013 (DVD-RW restricted overwrite) Profile: 0x0012 (DVD-RAM) Profile: 0x0011 (DVD-R sequential recording) Profile: 0x0010 (DVD-ROM)Profile: 0x000A (CD-RW)Profile: 0x0009 (CD-R) (current)Profile: 0x0008 (CD-ROM)Profile: 0x0002 (Removable disk)Using generic SCSI-3/mmc CD-R/CD-RW driver (mmc_cdr).Driver flags : MMC-3 SWABAUDIO BURNFREE FORCESPEEDSupported modes: TAO PACKET SAO SAO/R96P SAO/R96R RAW/R16 RAW/R96P RAW/R96RDrive buf size : 1867008 = 1823 KBBeginning DMA speed test. Set CDR_NODMATEST environment variable if devicecommunication breaks or freezes immediately after that.FIFO size : 4194304 = 4096 KBTrack 01: data 682 MBTotal size: 784 MB (77:40.42) = 349532 sectorsLout start: 784 MB (77:42/32) = 349532 sectorsCurrent Secsize: 2048ATIP info from disk: Indicated writing power: 4 Is not unrestricted Is not erasable Disk sub type: Medium Type A, low Beta category (A-) (2) ATIP start of lead in: -12508 (97:15/17) ATIP start of lead out: 359845 (79:59/70)Disk type: Short strategy type (Phthalocyanine or similar)Manuf. index: 22Manufacturer: Ritek Co.Blocks total: 359845 Blocks current: 359845 Blocks remaining: 10313Forcespeed is OFF.Speed set to 4234 KB/sStarting to write CD/DVD at speed 24.0 in real TAO mode for single session.Last chance to quit, starting real write in 3 seconds.

If you want to cancel the burn before it actually starts you can do so with ^C, which it CTRL+C. If you find no reason to cancel then let the countdown complete, and let the burn begin. Since we used the -v argument, you’ll be able to watch the burn in all its glory (as -v is the argument for verbose).Once the built in timebomb expires and it start writing here’s the type of output you’d be able to enjoy (again since we chose the verbose option).

Waiting for reader process to fill input buffer … input buffer ready.Performing OPC…Starting new track at sector: 0Track 01: 682 of 682 MB written (fifo 100%) [buf 99%] 24.9x.Track 01: Total bytes read/written: 715837440/715837440 (349530 sectors).Writing time: 330.378sAverage write speed 14.5x.Min drive buffer fill was 98%Fixating…Fixating time: 33.379sBURN-Free was never needed.wodim: fifo had 11276 puts and 11276 gets.wodim: fifo was 0 times empty and 10833 times full, min fill was 89%.

The last thing to do is to eject your newly created cd, which can be done via the command line simply by telling it to eject the device.

eject /dev/scd0

Pop goes the drive, out comes the cd and you’re set.

Installing Ubuntu 9.10 Walk Through – VirtualBox

I went ahead and just did a quick screenshot walk through of installing Ubuntu 9.10, and some possible points of interest for anyone that may need help understanding the steps.

So here we start:

I am going to assume you know how to download and burn an ISO to a CD, so I will not walk through that process. Once you insert the CD into the drive, and boot up to the CD, you’ll start the installation process.

The first screen we are welcomed with, is the screen to choose what installation language we will go with.

Next we choose if we want to boot into the Live CD, Install Ubuntu, or several other options as you can see. In this instance I used Install Ubuntu.

After that I am brought to a pretty black screen with a pretty awesome looking graphical picture of the Ubuntu symbol that changes from bright to dark. I was actually impressed with the attention to detail when it comes to graphical design that Ubuntu has started to show in the last 2 releases.

Now comes the start of the actual installation, which is quite simple, but just wanted to give more insight to some of the screens you’ll be greeted with. This first screen is where you’ll choose your installation language and press “Forward”

After clicking Forward you get to see the status of a few things happening.

When the installation does what it wants to do after clicking that blasted forward button, you’ll be brought to a very well laid out page, where you’ll determine what time zone you’re in. If you need help, then you probably shouldn’t be installing the OS, or I guess you can look at your local clock to determine the time, and then choose the timezone that is associated with that time. Once the decision has been made, click on “Forward”

Now you’re greeted with the page to choose your keyboard layout. For me it was quite simple, I have a standard English keyboard and that was the default. Click Forward.

Now you’re at the part that can possibly delete all the data on your current hard drive. Since I’m installing this on a clean drive, where I have nothing that needs to be saved, I am choosing the erase entire disk. If you have an operating system that you want to keep and co-exist with (ie Windows or openSUSE) you will have to choose something else (most likely it will be to shrink the installation, and install along side it). If you have a hard time with this, please leave a comment and I’ll post more detail on this portion of the installation. Once the decision has been made (again be careful as you can potentially wipe all the data on your drive) click “Forward”

Here you’ll just enter who you are, and what you want your password to be, and you’ll then be off to the races

Now you’re at the start of the end (every beginning is really just another beginnings end right?). Once you’ve verified everything is correct go ahead and click on the “Install” button and enjoy your favorite cocktail (in my case it’s an Extra Dry Extra Dirty Martini w/ 3 Olives).

If you really wanted to sit and watch the installation the next few screens are some you may come by. I have to admit I’ve never sat and read the verbiage on the screen, so if you want to give some insight, or if there are any funny easter eggs with them please feel free to comment on them.


Once It’s all done installing, it will tell you and ask you to restart

I didn’t caption this, but it will tell you to remove the disk, and hit the enter key… Just do what it says, trust me.

You’ll now be welcomed with an awesome Ubuntu Welcome Screen that was not spared any detail. It’s quite sharp and the “spot light” is really shining.

You’ll again be welcomed with that awesome color shifting Ubuntu Symbol as a splash screen

Next you’ll choose your user that you want to log in as, and in the next screen you’ll enter the password and login. (Note: This is a GDM login since Ubuntu’s default installation is GNOME).


Once more we’re welcome with a pretty cool Ubuntu Splash Screen prior to being brought to the well known default GNOME Desktop, and there you are. Your very own installation of Ubuntu.


VirtualBox 3.1 What’s New Webinar

trane . new york personal injury attorney . limousine rentals . hair loss treatments . florida brain injury attorney . roofing company . storage unit . divorce lawyers . wood floor installation . Sun VirtualBox LogoSun Microsystem is holding a webinar for the latest release of VirtualBox 3.1 titled, What’s New in 3.1.Slated for the Webinar is:

  • Teleportation
  • Speedups
  • Snapshots 2.0
  • Live demo

You can register at the link below:https://dct.sun.com/dct/forms/reg_us_0712_490_0.jsp

Chrome Beta for Linux 4.0.249.30 on openSUSE

I forgot my laptop at home today, so I was unable to install Chrome while I was at work. condos for rent . (yes, that’s an embarrassing story). wds . But now I’ve gotten home and installed the RPM using zypper: sudo zypper in google-chrome-beta_current_`uname -i`.rpmAfter doing this, I launched Chrome using google-chrome and it put a smile in my face just knowing that it was in “beta”. Now lets hope that Google can get out of their 100 year beta cycle, and have a “stable” version out by mid next year. Here’s a screenshot of the version, and version vs the most recent chromium via the Contrib Standard RepositoryChromeChromierYou can read more about the release, and download it from: http://www.benkevan.com/blog/google-chrome-goes-beta-for-linux-opensuse-fedora-ubuntu-debian/

Ubuntu to Remove GIMP – Will more follow?

handyman . limo rentals . The GIMParstechnica.com recently discussed Ubuntu’s decision to remove GIMP (a GNU Image Manipulation Program that is popular among the Linux world) on the next release of Ubuntu slated for April 2010, and dubbed 10.04.Many people think it’s not the right thing to do, but if you think long and hard about the decision, it’s quite simple to realize, that it’s a niche product for a niche market and its removal from a default installation doesn’t seem like that bad of an idea, since it could be simply installed using aptitude, or apt-get.This will allow the Ubuntu Installation to add more applications that “normal” users require, and would allow them to continue to stay on a CD and not require the move to a DVD.My Question is, do you think more distributions will go the route of removing the overly complex GIMP, to try to get people to not be intimidated and leaving the usage of gimp, to those who really want to use it, or do you think that move will in some way hamper and slow the development, or acceptance of such a great tool..

Will the Exclusion of GIMP and Inclusion of F-SPOT hurt the GIMP User Base Significantly

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